Information for Candidates(2014)

OceanUniversity of China

DISCOVERING, UTILIZING AND PROTECTING THEOCEANS: NINETY YEARS OF STRIVING FOR EXCELLENCE


The Ocean University of China (OUC), whichis located in the beautiful coastal city of Qingdao,China,has been approved as one of the national key comprehensive universities underthe direct administration of the State Ministry of Education. Since itsfounding in 1924, the OUC, with strengths in oceanography and fisheries, andnow included in the list of “Project 985” and “Project 211”, offers a broad range of academic programs insuch areas of study as science, engineering, agronomy, medicine (pharmacy),economics, management, literature, law, education and history.


OUC houses 17 colleges and schools,including College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, College of Information Science and Engineering, Collegeof Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,College of MarineGeo-science, College of Marine Life Science, Collegeof Fisheries, Collegeof Food Science and Engineering, School of Medicineand Pharmaceutics, College of Engineering, College of Environmental Science and Engineering. Currently, there areover 15,550 registered undergraduate students, as well as 8,300 full-timemaster degree students and doctoral degree students. Equipped with advanced teaching and researchfacilitiesin physical oceanography, marine chemistry,aquaculture, marine pharmacy, marine biology, marine geology and marinetechnology, the university has nurtured many leaders in the global marinescience research community, Chinese national science policy makers and seniorChinese officials, as well as top-notch scientists, including 12 members of theChinese Academies of Sciences and Engineering. OUC has graduated quite a fewfamous names, including Prof. Dong Zhaoqian, the first Chinese scientist to reachthe South Pole, Prof. Jiang Jialun, the first Chinese scientist who reached theSouth Pole on foot, Prof. Zhao Jinpin, the first Chinese scientist who haveexplored both the North Pole and the South Pole, Prof. Wang Shuguang and SunZhihui, two former administrators of the State Oceanic Administration. Inaddition, more than half of the members in the first Chinese scientificexpedition team to the South Pole are the OUC alumni. The OUC has long beennationally acknowledged as a leader in oceanography and fisheries and isincreasingly recognized as a top-ranked institution in China in anumber of academic disciplines.


The twenty-first century promises to be anocean-focused century in which Chinais committed to developing its maritime power. The OUC aims to continue on thispath, growing as a world-renowned, research-led university that excels inoceanography and fisheries by its 100th anniversary in 2025.


Key academicdisciplines:


OUC hasso far been ranked among the world’s top 1% in eight fields, namely Plant andAnimal Science, Geosciences, Engineering, Chemistry, Material Science,Agronomy, Environment and Ecology as well as Biology and Biochemistry.


Focusing on such topics as ocean dynamics/thermodynamics and its role in climate change, changes in the environmental andecological system of China’s offshore waters, and the evolution mechanism andits resources effect of marine geological environment, OUC is working on suchpublic platforms as deep ocean observation networks supported by submersiblemooring buoys in the South China Sea, as well as shore-based offshoreobservation stations and sea-based observation facilities, in addition to acluster of high performance numerical modeling and computing. The OUC is alsomaking efforts to establish an efficient small-scale fleet of such researchvessels as Dong Fang Hong 2, Angel andHaida in a bid to boost interdisciplinary studies and resources sharing.


PhysicalOceanography and Marine Meteorology

The OUC is renowned for excellence inphysical oceanography and marine meteorology. Its researchers have conductedmany studies in multiscale ocean and atmosphere dynamics and air–seainteractions and their findings have been published in such Nature journals as Nature Climate Change, Nature Geoscience as well as PNAS. OUC workhas revealed the importance of ocean in regional climate and global climatechange and has clarified the influence of mesoscale and submesoscale oceandynamics on large-scale climate change. Moreover, OUC research has led toadvances in understanding thermohaline circulation dynamics, interactionsbetween high and low latitudes, interactions between deep sea and coastal seas,internal waves and mixing, changes in polar oceans and climate, and small-scaleair–sea exchange. Quite a few professors at OUC hold positions in the steeringor working committees of such international organizations as CLIVAR, PICES andSOLAS, and have contributed to directing or promoting some international cooperativeprograms, including Asian Dust and Ocean Ecosystem.


MarineChemistry and Engineering Technology

The programme of marine chemistry and engineeringtechnology emphasizes synergetic basic and applied research on marinebiogeochemical processes and their effects on the ecological environment andclimate change, and on multipurpose utilization of seawater. Research anddevelopment efforts of environment-friendly marine materials and protectiontechnologies are ongoing. Active OUC research projects, continuously supportedby such national key science and technology initiatives as the State SupportProgram for Science and Technology, Program 863, Program 973, and theInnovative Research Group of the National Natural Science Foundation, alsoinclude studies on the organic carbon cycle of shelf seas, dimethyl sulphideand other reactive gases, biogeochemical tracers of land–ocean interactions,and antifouling functional membranes and coverings with novel copolymerscontaining capsaicin. A number of research results have been published in suchacademic journals as GCA, Marine Chemistry, QSR, Journal of Membrane Science,and Advanced Materials. Quite a few OUC professors hold positions in the steeringor working committees of such international organizations as GEOTRACESIMBER and PICES, and havecontributed to the development of some international cooperative programs.


MarineDrugs

The OUC is well known for its expertise inmarine drugs — therapeutic agents developed from marine resources. Theuniversity is researching ways to discover and develop innovative marine drugsthrough the investigation of living marine resources; screening, optimizationand synthesis of marine lead compounds; preclinical evaluation of potentialdrugs; and commercialization of new drugs. The ongoing research includes studieson marine glycochemistry and glycobiology, marine natural product chemistry,drug design and synthesis, pharmacology and biological resources for marinedrugs. Since 1985, the OUC has developed and commercialized four marine drugsincludingpolysaccharidesulfate (PPS) and it is currentlyperforming clinical trials on another four drug candidates. Additionally, theOUC has produced the world’s first biologically active marine oligo/polysaccharidedatabase, chaired and published China’sfirst comprehensive text on marine drugs,Marine Materia Medica. Relevant research findings have been published inscientific journals including J.Med. Chem., Cancer Res., J. Biol. Chem., Org.Lett., Chem. Commun.


MarineBiology and Ecology

Marine biology and ecology programmes atthe OUC study the interactions between marine life processes and the marineenvironment. Areas of particular focus include the genetic, developmental andmetabolic responses of marine organisms to global environmental changes;evolutionary trends of principal marine ecosystems; and the population dynamicsof major marine species and their exploration, utilization and protection.Ongoinggenomic studies of diverse marine organisms, alongside with the “genome-wideSNP genotyping” published in NatureMethods, have paved the way for the OUC to determine the molecular basesand regulatory mechanisms that underpin key economic traits of marineorganisms. These studies are instrumental to the further research of marinegeogenomics. Research at the university has also advanced knowledge of thedevelopment and evolution of amphioxus, phylogenesis of marine ciliates, marinemicrobiology, interactions between specific populations and environmentalfactors, effects of global changes on marine organisms, ecological managementof marine life resources, and biomaterials derived from marine organisms.


Fisheries

Theoretical and applied research iscritical for maintaining sustainable development in marine fisheries. The OUCleads in this field, focusing on interdisciplinary and comprehensive studies inhealthy mariculture theory and technology, fisheries biology and resourceprotection, aquaculture ecology, and fisheries engineering, with the aim ofsolving fishery problems and meeting the food and economic needs of China. Researchprojects are mainly supported by such national key science andtechnology initiatives as the State Support Program for Science and Technology,Program 863, Program 973. The OUC’s development of a program for thecomprehensive control of and protection against the white spot syndrome virus(WSSV) has greatly assisted the shrimp industry. Concurrently, the university’snutritional physiology studies on important aquatic animals, such as abaloneand sea cucumber, have provided a scientific basis for developing aquaculturefish feed. OUC offers the only national key discipline in the first-leveldisciplinary area of fisheries.


MarineGeology

Basic submarine geoscience and explorationtechniques form the core of the OUC’s activities in marine geology. The fieldsof marine geodynamics, submarine exploration technology, modern marinesedimentary processes, and resources and mineralization on the ocean floor haveall seen advances from OUC research: breakthroughs have been made in theunderstanding of the tectonic evolution of typical orogenic belts and basins ineastern China and its seas, source-tosink processes and effects inhigh-turbidity waters, and the sedimentary record in eastern China continentalshelves. The OUC specializes in research on the geodynamics of continentalmargins, modern ocean-floor hydrothermal activity and mineralization, modernmarine sedimentary source-tosink effects and land–sea interactions. OUC detectiontechnology development has resulted in widely used research tools such as TVgrabs for seabed sampling, deep-sea benthal environment observation system and softwareto process seismic data. Relevant research findings have been published in suchjournals as Geology, Gondwana Research,Earth-Science Review, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, PrecambrianResearch, Journal of Geophysical Research.


MarineDetection Technology and Marine Information Technology

Marine Detection Technology focuses onocean acoustics, optics and remote sensing technologies, and Marine InformationTechnology studies underwater navigation and locating techniques, ocean sensornetworks, real-time communication and geographic information systemtechnologies, and digital and transparent ocean engineering. Recent technicalbreakthroughs have been made in a system for remotely sensing the couplingbetween wind, waves and precipitation, Doppler spectra of microwave scatteringfields from nonlinear oceanic surface, a deep-ocean Raman in situspectrometersystem; underwater imaging techniques based on concentrated illumination and afrequency-difference laser scanning system; an airborne multichannel lidarsystem for monitoring oil pollution, shallow sea acoustic dispersion, anautonomous underwater vehicle in the deep sea with a navigation system based onsonar and underwater vision; and reliable data transmission and informationsecurity systems for underwater constraint networks, as well as development ofvirtual reality and visual digital ocean prototype system.


EnvironmentalScience and Engineering

Characterized by interdisciplinary studies,OUC gives its scientific focus to the studies of the evolutions and correspondingtreatment technologies of oceanic environment, wetlands, atmosphericenvironment, water environment and Lithosphere in the broader context of humanactivities and global changes. Supported by such national key science andtechnology initiatives as the National Major Science and Technology Program,Program 973 as well as major and key programs of the National Natural ScienceFoundation, a number of breakthroughs have been made in such fields as sedimentationof atmospheric substance and oceanic, atmospheric environment chemistry and itscorresponding effects, the environmental geochemistry process of artificiallysynthesizing nano particle, the environmental changes at estuaries and bays andtheir ecological effects, environmental disasters and protection in coastalzones, ecological restoration of polluted environment, sewage treatment and managementof wastewater discharged into the sea. Research results in this regard havebeen published in such scientific journals as Environmental Science & Technology, Water Research, Journal ofGeophysical Research, Atmospheric Environment, Environmental Pollution and Chemosphere. An important center forstudies of oceanic environment and education of environment professionals, OUC hasset up close ties with the U.S.,Germany, the U.K., Franceand Japanin cooperative research projects and joint degree programs.